Dare2Wow Textile Glossary


Dare2Wow Textile Glossary was developed with the aim to create a better communication between textile professionals and those who are just starting to learn about the industry, the textile production and exploitation.

There are so many terms involved in the textile industry, particularly because of the age of the industry (at least 3,000 years) and the progress involved in the evolution of fabrics. The present work does not intend to include all of them but just a small part to allow clarifying meaning.

The terms we have selected are commonly used and even though familiar to everyone, their specific description is often unclear. We have used several sources to create this collection like traditional textile dictionaries and textbooks, as well as the documents prepared by all organisation as part of their work on the subject. Based on all of the above, a rough draft was created and distributed among all partners in order to incorporate translations of these terms in all partnering languages that are: Bulgarian, Greek, English, Italian, Latvian and Spanish.

The intention of this document is to allow the reader to identify terms used in the traditional textile industry, and understand their meaning. Illustrations are used to help show some of the described terms.



Spanish / Galician





 Assembly line

Mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it.


 Cadena de montaje /

 Cadea de montaxe

 Montāžas līnija


 Catena di montaggio

 Γραμμή παραγωγής



 Поточна линия


A rod around which a wheel moves or rotates.


 Eje /








Tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants;


 Corteza /  Cortiza, Casca





 2. γαβγίσμα


  1. Кора на дърво;
  2. Кучешки лай;
  3. Платноходка с 3 или повече мачти

 Block printing

The process of dye being pressed onto a fabric from a carved material: wood, copper but also rubber, etc.

 Estampado con molde /

 Estampado con molde

 Bloku druka


 Stampa con blocco

 Εκτύπωση μπλοκ


 Блоково принтиране


Machine or hand method of interlacing three or more yarns or cloth strips in such a way that they cross one another and are laid together in diagonal formation, forming a narrow strip of flat or tubular fabric.


 Afrikāņu bizītes





 Заплитане на плитки


  1. A densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish;
  2. A closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib.

 Tela de lana tupida /

 Tea de lá tupida

 Smalka melna vadmala





 Pettinato a doppia altezza

 Λεπτό μάλλινο ύφασμα



 Digital printing

The process of printing using a digital printer

 Impresión digital /

 Impresión dixital

 Digitālā druka

 Stampa digitale

 Ψηφιακή εκτύπωση

 Дигитален печат / принтиране


A wide flat board used to cover walls or partitions; made from plaster or wood pulp or other materials and used primarily to form the interior walls of houses









v. The process of coloring with dye.

 Teñir /

 Tinxir, Tinguir







n. A usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair.

 Tinte /







Embellishing with a raised pattern created by pressure or embroidery.



 Timbratura a secco





  1. Decorative needlework;
  2. Elaboration of an interpretation by the use of decorative (sometimes fictitious) detail.








  1. Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers;
  2. The underlying structure.

 Tela, Tejido /

 Tea, Tecido






  1. The process of losing some of its color;
  2. v. Gradually growing  faint and disappear.

 Desteñir /

 Destinxir, Destinguir


 Stingere/ Scoloritura

 1. Ξεθώριασμα

 2. Ξεθωριάζω



A felt cap (usually red) for a man; shaped like a flat-topped cone with a tassel that hangs from the crown.







  1. The plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and fibers of its stem;
  2. Fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric.

 Lino /







  1. The outer coat of especially sheep and yaks;
  2. A soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing;

 Lana, Vellón /

 Lá, Vélaro

 Aitas vilna





A formal association of people with similar interests.







  1. n. The process of gathering of a ripened crop;
  2. n. The yield from plants in a single growing season;
  3. v. Gather, as of natural products

 Cosecha /


 Ražas novākšana





  1. A plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers;
  2. A plant fiber for making fabrics.

 Cáñamo /







  1. A rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home;
  2. Adj. Made of cloth spun or woven in the home; of textiles.

 Hecho en casa /

 Feito na casa

 Pašausta drāna

 Fatto in casa col telaio a mano

 Χειροποίητο υφαντό



A strong linen or cotton fabric with a rough surface, used for toweling.

 Lienzo /



 Tela operata

 Ύφασμα πετσετών

 Хавлиен плат


Knitted clothing

 Prendas de punto


 Fatto a maglia




A person making delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetric patterns.

 Encajera /


 Audējs/ mežģīņu knipelētājs


 Πλέκτης δαντέλας

 Бродерачка; плетачка на бродерия


The wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material.

 Madera /


 Būvkoki / baļķi



 Дървен материал


A textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

 Telar /







  1. (n) A substance used to treat fabrics, leather and other materials before dyeing or staining; aids in the dyeing process;
  2. (adj) Harshly ironic or sinister

 Mordiente /




 1. Στυπτικό

 2. Δηκτικός

 Байц, фиксатор; саркастичен, язвителен


  1. (n) A small or medium size container for holding or carrying things;
  2. (v) Send by special mail that goes through diplomatic channels

 Faltriquera /






 Roller printing

The process of transfer of text, images or designs to paper or fabric through a cylinder that rotates around a central axis.

 Impresión de rodillos


 Stampa a rullo

 Εκτύπωση κυλίνδρου

 Валяков печат


  1. A high tight collar; a projecting starched frill worn around the neck, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume;
  2. (in card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit

 Gola, Gorguera /




 1. Περιλαίμιο

 2. Τέχνασμα


 Грива, къдричка; яка от косми или много къдри от времето на Елизабет и Якобинството


A woman who sews, especially one who earns her living by sewing

 Costurera /




 Μοδίστρα, ράφτρα



The slow escape of a liquid or gas through porous material or small holes







Join, fasten or repair (something) by making stitches with a needle and thread or a sewing machine







  1. Bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads;
  2. Public transportation that piles back and forth between two points.

 Lanzadera /







  1. Animal fibres produced by silkworms and that spin cocoons and by most spiders;
  2. A fabric made from the fine threads produced insect larvae






 Silk screen printing

The process of transferring text, patterns and designs on silk using screen molds





 Ситопечат върху коприна


  1. (v) Revolve quickly and repeatedly around one’s own axis;
  2. (v)(n) Make up a story;
  3. (v) Work natural fibers into a thread

 Hilar /



 Filare, far girare


 Въртене; предене; (гл.) преда, плета; въртя

 Steam engine

An engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power.

 Máquina de vapor

 Tvaika dzinējs

 Motore a vapore


 Парен двигател


A sheet of material (metal, plastic, cardboard, waxed, paper, silk, etc.), that has been perforated with a pattern (printing or a design); ink or paint can pass through the perforations to create the printed pattern on the surface below

 Estarcido,  Plantilla /




 Ειδικό διάτρητο φύλλο



Convert animal skin into leather by soaking in a liquid containing tannic acid, or by the use of other chemicals.







A fine cord of twisted fibers (of cotton, silk, wool or synthetic, etc), used in sewing and weaving (usually thinner than yarn)

 Hilo /







A twist or distortion in the shape or form of something;

(in weaving) The threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the weft) are passed to make a cloth

 Urdimbre /

 Urdido, urda



 Διαστροφή / στημόνι

 Основа (при изработката на плат – нишките, опънати за основа на плата)


The action of creating a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such a wool or cotton

 Tejer /





 Тъка (гл)


(in weaving) The crosswise threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the warp) are passed to make a cloth







  1. Slender flexible branches or twigs (especially of the willow or some canes); used for wickerwork;
  2. The work made of interlaced slender branches like the willow branches

 Mimbre /




 1. Λυγαριά

 2. Ψάθινο καλάθι

 Плетена ракита / Изделие от плетена ракита


  1. The outer coat of fur that covers the body of specific animals like sheep and yaks;
  2. Fiber sheared from animals (such as sheep) and twisted into yarn for weaving;
  3. A fabric made from the hair of sheep

 Lana /







A fine cord of twisted fibers (of cotton, silk, wool or synthetic, etc), used in sewing and weaving (yarn is usually thicker than thread)

 Hilo /






The Linen Process


Spanish / Galician





 Distaff or rock

The staff on which wool or flax is wound before spinning

 Rueca /


 Ratiņš vai akmens




 Flax breaker

A machine that separates flax seeds from their outer cover; breaking into pieces the flax seed

 Banco de desgranar /

 Tascón e maza

 Linu griezējs


 Tavolo per sgranare il lino

 καθαριστής λιναριού

 Машина за счупване на лененото семе


A quantity that can be held in the hand; small number or small amount of something.

 Manojo /






 Heckle or comb

  1. Challenge aggressively;
  2. Comb with a heckle

 Vestir el lino /


 Sukāt vai ķemmēt

 Pettinare il lino


 Гребен за чепкане на нишките (лен, памук, вълна)

 Heckling comb

A beating comb used on natural fibres mainly to separate flax fibres

peine o rastrillo / rastro, restrelo






  1. A small wave on the surface of a liquid;
  2. A small wooden or metal comb used to take out the seeds of the flax plant before water retting.


 Virma / Viļņojums

 Pettine di ferro


 Гребен; вълничка

 Scutching sword

A knife or hammer usually used to dress flax by breaking, beating and hackling.

 Espadilla /


  Kulstīšanas zobens



 Очукващ нож


A mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa.

 Semilla /







A narrow wooden rod usually used when spinning wool; a stick or a pin used to twist the yarn in spinning.

 Huso /






 Spinning wheel

A small domestic spinning machine with a single spindle that is driven by hand or foot.

 Rueca /

 Roda de fiar


 Filatoio a mano


 Въртящо се колело


  1. A winder around which thread or tape or film or other flexible material can be wound;
  2. Transfer data intended for a peripheral device (usually a printer) into temporary storage.

 Carrete, Bobina /  

 Bobina, Nobelo






A long, vertical stem or connecting part of a plant; a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ.

 Tallo /







  1. Beat the seeds out of a grain;
  2. Move or stir about violently.

trillar, desgranar / mallar






  1. Move forcibly from their land into a new and foreign environment;
  2. Pull up by or as if by the roots;
  3. Destroy completely, as if down to the roots.

arrancar / arrigar





 Water retting

Place grains or seeds (flax, hemp or jute) in liquid so as to promote loosening of the fibres from the woody tissue

enriar / enlagar

 Mērcēšana ūdenī

 Macerare in acqua


 Накисване във вода


  1. Mechanical device around which something can be wound;
  2. Mechanical device that winds another device that is driven by a spring (like a clock).

 Devanadera, bobinadora /





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